...Cacti & Succulents...


Simply put, Cacti and Succulents are some of the most interesting plants out there! Not only do they grow all over the world in some of the harshest climates, they can survive incredible periods of time without a drop of water! Each of these easy care, drought loving plants has its own personality, and with so many different varieties many find it difficult to choose just one. Luckily, our Cactus and Succulent House is filled with a wide assortment of these spiky and not-so-spiky friends in a range of pot sizes, including pre-potted dish gardens, so you can find the perfect look and fit for your home and office.



Belgian’s Cactus and Succulent House


Our 'Cactus and Succulent House' offers 5,400 square feet of cacti and succulents for everyone's enjoyment. This warm and peaceful greenhouse was renovated in 1993 and is open year-round! Along with cacti of all shapes, sizes, and colours is our great selection of succulent plants with “not-so-prickly” leaves. Find a perfect "statement" plant for your space, or create your own dish garden with our large selection of smaller plants!

The glass structure of the Cactus and Succulent House provides sunshine all year for both plants and people. Come and relax in its four season warmth, admire the majestic displays around you, and chase those winter blues away with ease!

Our Cactus House features beautiful stone work by Schnurr Interlocking Stone. Visit their link below!





Annually from January 24 to February 24!


Over the years the Cactus Festival has become a great indoor winter escape. The Cactus and Succulent House overflows with cacti and succulents of nearly every shape and size, with many sales offered throughout the festival.
Come and enjoy the warm and prickly experience!




-open/close- -open/close-Success with Cacti & Succulents


Light:

Cacti and succulents need at least 4 hours of bright sunny direct light, preferring to be indoors in a bright sunny window year-round. They can be put outside for the summer (mid-June to early September) but they must be gradually introduced to the outdoors over a few days to reduce the risk of sunburn and stress.

Repotting:

Cacti and succulents like to be rootbound. When your cactus is ready for repotting increase the pot by one size only; if you choose too big of a pot, the soil will not dry out fast enough which may cause root rot. It is best to choose a pot with a drainage hole - if your pot does not have a drainage hole, add a layer of stones or broken pottery on the bottom and be very cautious when watering. Always use cactus soil for repotting.

When handling any cacti, use wads of newspaper or kitchen tongs to help keep your hands free of thorns. For larger cacti, wrap it with layers of newspaper and lay the plant down to gently remove it from its pot.

Watering:

Both cacti and succulents like to dry out very well between watering. Water thoroughly (to the bottom of the pot) then drain away any excess to make sure your plant never sits in water, as this will cause rot. Watering schedules will depend on the size of the plant and the amount of light it receives at that time of year. On average, water small pots approximately every two weeks; medium and large plants about once a month. Cacti and succulents will require less frequent watering during the winter months when the days are shorter.

When watering a cactus or succulent dish garden make sure to water slowly and evenly around each individual plant. The most common issue for cacti and succulents is over-watering (allowing plants to sit in water OR not letting them dry out completely between waterings). They can also dehydrate from not enough water, so check your plants often. 


Watering Guide:

Pot Size
Timing (approx.)
Volume (approx.)
1" to 3"
Every 10-14 days
1/4 cup
6" to 8"
Monthly
2 to 3 cups
10"
Monthly
4 to 6 cups
12" and over
Monthly
1 to 2 litres
Small Dish Gardens
Every 3-4 weeks
1 to 2 cups
Large Dish Gardens
Monthly
3 to 5 cups


Tips for Dish Gardens:

When watering dish gardens, water slowly and evenly around each plant. This will help ensure that all aspects of your dish garden are cared for.
Many dish garden containers do not have drainage. If you have a pot without drainage, make sure you give the garden enough water to get to the bottom of the pot, but not too much that the water builds up and sits at the roots.


Fertilizer:

Cacti and succulents are slow growing and can store lots of nutrients for many months. Use cactus fertilizer twice a year; once in spring and once in summer. An all-purpose fertilizer can be substituted so long as it is used at half strength at the same intervals.

 Temperature:

Cacti and succulents can live in average house temperatures, ideally between 18°C and 20°C (64°F to 68°F). They can tolerate temperatures from 10°C to 32°C (50°F to 90°F). In cooler locations they will require watering less often.

Plant Problems:

Poor watering practices are the #1 killer of most cacti and succulents. Root rot is caused from watering too often or the plant being left to sit in excess water. If this is a concern, place the plant in a warm, dry area to dry it out faster. Change your watering habits to prevent this problem from happening in the future.

Dehydration is caused from not watering deep enough or too much time occurs between waterings. To rehydrate your plants, water thoroughly and then drain excess water away. Keep in mind that some plants may not recover, even when you do everything right.

Insects:

Mealy bug and Scale insects are pests that can affect cacti and succulents. Mealy bugs look like small cotton masses, while scale insects have brown or gray shells resembling bark. Both of these pests can be removed by using rubbing alcohol on a cotton ball or swab and rubbing off the insect. Spray with an indoor houseplant insecticide - this process must be done once a week for 2 to 3 weeks. Monitor weekly for up to a month after treatment to ensure all pests have been eliminated.

-open/close- -open/close-Pruning & Propagating Cacti & Succulents

Pruning:

Cacti and succulents can be cut back when they grow too tall, get too leggy, or become top heavy. Each plant is individual and will need to be pruned to suit its own needs. Always use a clean, sharp knife or pruners. The cut will bleed white sap, and then scar; this is where the plant will often branch out. Make sure that your cut is low enough to keep the plant from getting top heavy, but high enough to keep its shape.

Propagation:

Cacti and succulents can be started by seeds or by taking cuttings. Seeds are very slow to germinate and it may take years to grow just one inch!

For cuttings: After you've cut off a section of your existing plant, lay the cut portion onto newspaper to dry and form a callus (this takes 2-3 weeks for succulents, 1-3 months for cacti). Then plant your cuttings callus-down in a small pot filled with cactus soil and water thoroughly. Let the soil dry out slightly between waterings while the plant is in its rooting stage - this may take up to 3 to 6 months, so be patient!

Some varieties of succulent (including Aloe, Haworthia, and Agave) cannot be propagated by cutting. Instead, they send out side shoots called "pups" which can be removed and planted in their own pots filled with cactus soil.

As with any propagating, you will have success with some plants while having trouble with others, and some plants may not work out at all. It's best to keep experimenting and to have fun!